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McCaskill Calls EU Trade Rules ‘Complete Bologna’ Senator urges top US trade agencies to protect US meat industry

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WASHINGTON – U.S. Senator Claire McCaskill is joining a bipartisan group of colleagues to urge the Department of Agriculture and the United States Trade Representative to reject recent efforts by the European Union to restrict the export of commonly named meats.
 
The Senator’s letter to Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack and U.S. Trade Representative Michael Froman called for continued action against the EU’s growing efforts to use what is known as “geographical indication” as a means to restrict U.S. meat exports around the globe, particularly to nations with which the U.S. already has free trade agreements.
 
“This trade barrier is of great concern to dairy and other food manufacturers in our states,” the Senators wrote. “We urge you to continue to push back against the EU’s efforts to restrict our meat exports, particularly to nations with which we already have free trade agreements.”
 
“In country after country, the EU has been using its FTAs to persuade trading partners to impose barriers to U.S. exports under the guise of protecting geographical indications (GI),” the Senators continued. “We ask that USTR and USDA continue to work aggressively to ensure the EU’s GI efforts on commonly used meat product names do not impair the ability of U.S. businesses to compete both domestically and internationally. We ask you to make this a top priority through official TTIP, Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) and bilateral negotiations.”
 
The EU is attempting to block products using certain place names as part of the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership negotiations. However, many of the place names represent styles of meats that have long been produced in the United States, to the point that they have become functionally generic, such as “black forest ham,” “wiener schnitzel,” “bologna,” and “bratwurst.” If the European Union were successful, it could severely harm the U.S. meat industry.
 
Last month, McCaskill joined a bipartisan group of colleagues in urging the U.S. trade agencies to reject efforts by the EU to restrict the export of commonly named cheeses.
 
A copy of the letter to Secretary Vilsack and U.S. Trade Rep. Froman is below:
 
 
Dear Secretary Vilsack and Ambassador Froman:
 
We write today to urge your continued fight against geographical indication (GI) restrictions promoted by the European Union (EU). This trade barrier is of great concern to meat and other food manufacturers in our states. Currently, the EU is attempting to directly impair United States competition by imposing GI restrictions through the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).
 
We urge you to continue to push back against the EU’s efforts to restrict our meat exports, particularly to nations with which we already have free trade agreements (FTAs). We urge you to make clear to your EU counterparts that the United States will reject any proposal in TTIP negotiations that would in any way restrict the ability of U.S. producers to use common meat names, such as bologna or black forest ham.
 
In country after country, the EU has been using its FTAs to persuade trading partners to impose barriers to U.S. exports under the guise of protecting GIs. This trade-damaging practice is concerning anywhere, but it is most troubling where the U.S. has an established FTA or is actively negotiating a new agreement. For example, as part of their recently implemented FTA with the EU, countries in Central America agreed to impose new restrictions on the use of “bologna”, effectively closing an export opportunity that the U.S.-Central America FTA opened for U.S. companies. Similar trade barriers are being imposed in other parts of Latin America and are also under discussion in many Asian countries involved in negotiations with the EU.
 
In the states that we represent, businesses – many small to medium-sized and family owned – could have their businesses unfairly restricted by the EU’s push to use GIs as a barrier to trade and competition. We are concerned that these restrictions would particularly impact smaller businesses who specialize in artisan and other specialty meat products such as bratwurst, kielbasa, wiener schnitzel and various sausages. TTIP is ultimately intended to improve the economic climate on both sides of the Atlantic by lowering barriers to trade. With that in mind, we strongly oppose the EU’s gratuitous use of GIs as a protectionist measure.
 
We ask that USTR and USDA continue to work aggressively to ensure the EU’s GI efforts on commonly used meat product names do not impair the ability of U.S. businesses to compete both domestically and internationally. We ask you to make this a top priority through official TTIP, Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) and bilateral negotiations.
 
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